Transport is a key sector in the Philippine economy, linking population and economic centers. Philippine transport system consists of road, water, air, and rail transport. The transport infrastructure has been developed and spread across the country (about 215,000 kilometers of roads, 1,300 public and private ports, and 215 public and private airports). Improving transport infrastructure is critical for strengthening the investment climate and enhancing economic growth (V. Dato, 2010).
An efficient transport is critical for strengthening the country’s investment climate and enhancing economic growth. The islands need to be linked by a seamless transport network to enable the cost-efficient movement of goods and services within the country and to facilitate inclusive economic growth. The drastic increase in vehicle population may be the main contributor to the current traffic situation in the country.
In 2010, there were 3.48 million motorcycles and tricycles in the Philippines, corresponding to more than 50% of all vehicles. Of these, 2.84 million are privately owned, while 0.62 million are for hire, which are mostly tricycles. The rest are owned by the Philippine government. The number of utility vehicles (UV) is 1.96 million. Of these, 1.71 million are privately owned while 0.22 million are for hire. Majority of these for-hire UVs are jeepneys (SNC, 2014). Based on the SNC, the transport subsector contributed 25.93 MtCO2e in the year 2000.
|The title of the policy or action ||Policy or action name||e.g. Sustainable urban transport program (promotion of mass transport/ promotion of non-motorized transport/walking)|
|Type of policy or action ||The type of policy or action, such as those presented in Table 1, or other categories of policies or actions that may be more relevant ||e.g. Strategy framed in terms of the desired outcome of promoting mass transportation, non-motorized transport|
|Description of specific interventions ||The specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or action||e.g. A.O. 254 to formulate the national Environmentally Sustainable Transport Strategy (EST); Department Order No. 2013-03 creation of ESITU|
|The status of the policy or action ||The specific intervention(s) carried out as part of the policy or action||e.g. ☐ Implemented ☒Planned|
|Date of implementation||The date the policy or action comes into effect (not the date that any supporting legislation is enacted)||e.g. To be determined|
|Date of Completion (if applicable)||If applicable, the date the policy or action ceases, such as the date a tax is no longer levied or the end date of an incentive scheme with a limited duration (not the date that the policy/action no longer has an impact on GHG emissions)||e.g. To be determined|
|Implementing entity or entities||Which entity or entities implement(s) the policy or action, including the role of various local, subnational, national, international, or any other entities||e.g. DOTr, MRT companies|
|Objective(s) of the policy or action||The intended effects(s) or benefit(s) the policy or action intends to achieve (for example, the purpose stated in the legislation or regulation)||e.g. Involves the transformation and expansion of road- based public transport in Metro Manila and other major urban areas nationwide, including the C-5 and Manila bus rapid transit (BRT) systems; express buses with dedicated lanes and facilities for non-motorized transport; and intelligent transportation systems that support bus monitoring, priority signaling, and remote traffic enforcement.|
|Geographic coverage||The jurisdiction or geographic area where the policy or action is implemented or enforced, which may be more limited than all the jurisdictions where the policy or action has an impact||e.g. Manila, Nationwide (non- motorized transport/walking)|
|Primary sectors, subsectors, and emission sources/sink categories targeted||Which sectors, subsectors, and source/sink categories are targeted, using sectors and subsectors from the most recent IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories or other sector classifications||e.g. Transport; sub-sectors.; CO2 Emissions from public and private vehicles|
|Greenhouse gases targeted (if applicable)||"If applicable, which greenhouse gases the policy or action aims to control, which may be more limited than the set of greenhouse gases that the policy or action affects"||e.g. CO2|
|Other related policies or actions||Other policies or actions that may interact with the policy or action assessed.||e.g. To be determined|
|Intended level of mitigation to be achieved and/or target level of other indicators (if applicable)||If relevant and available, the total emissions and removals from the sources and sinks targeted; the target amount of emissions to be reduced or removals to be enhanced as a result of the policy or action, both annually and cumulatively over the life of the policy or action (or by a stated date); and/or the target level of key indicators||e.g. Cumulative mitigation potential for the period (2000-2030) is Rail – 2.69 million tons CO2e, Congestion Charging- 4.18 million tons CO2e|
|Title of establishing legislation, regulations, or other founding documents||The name(s) of legislation1. or regulations authorizing or establishing the policy or action (or other founding documents if there is no legislative basis)||e.g. EST in NCCAP|
|Measurement/Monitoring, reporting, and verification procedures||References to any measurement, reporting, and verification procedures associated with implementing the policy or action|
|Enforcement Mechanisms||Any enforcement or compliance procedures, such as penalties for noncompliance||e.g. To be determined|
|Reference to relevant guidance documents||Information to allow practitioners and other interested parties to access any guidance documents related to the policy or action (for example, through websites)||e.g. https://www.dotr.gov.ph/|
|The broader context/ significance of the policy or action||Broader context for understanding the policy or action, such as other policies or actions that the policy/action replaces, or the political context of the policy/action||e.g. Part of the EST – |
a) To reduce the annual growth rate of energy consumption and associated GHG and air pollutant emissions from transport in urban areas; and
b) to enhance sustainable mobility through the development of a viable market for EST goods and services which includes the promotion of transportation systems of low carbon intensity and shift towards the use of more sustainable transport modes.
|Outline of non-GHG effects or co-benefits of the policy or action||Any anticipated benefits other than GHG mitigation, such as energy security, improved air quality, health benefits, or increased jobs, and any relevant target indicators||e.g. Increased competitiveness, improved air quality, health benefits|
|Other relevant information||Any other relevant information|